What treatments are available?

There are various treatments for conditions discovered from performing a colposcopy including Lletz surgery and a Cone Biopsy.

Lletz surgery is the method most frequently used to treat pre-cancerous change in the neck of the womb is LLETZ, which stands for large loop excision of the transformation zone. It is a minimally-invasive procedure in which a heated device known as diathermy is used to cut away the area of abnormal cells.

Cone biopsy is the selective excision of a cone of tissue from the cervix. The area is identified precisely so that any cancerous or pre-cancerous cells are removed within the cone.

Other, less commonly used, procedures include:

  • Cold Coagulation: A heated device is applied to the cervix; this burns away the abnormal cells.
  • Cryotherapy: This technique involves freezing and destroying the abnormal cervical cells. This can be done at the same time as colposcopy and is only appropriate for the treatment of minor cell changes.

Mr Thomas Ind offers the latest and best evidence-based treatments for CIN. The right treatment will depend on the results of your colposcopy and biopsy, your health and wellbeing and your future family plans. We will take time to talk you through your procedure, discuss the options and explain the pros and cons of each procedure.

If you’d like to talk more with us about what treatments we offer, please get in touch.

Which treatment is right for me?



Women’s Health Check

Sometimes you just want to make sure that everything is as it should be. We offer a general women’s health check with comprehensive feedback, advice and support.


The Smear Test

Nearly all abnormal smears show no more than minor changes in cells on the cervix (the neck) of the womb). These changes act as an early warning sign that over time, cervical cancer may develop if the minor changes are not managed appropriately.



HPV stands for the human papilloma or wart virus. The name refers to a common group of viruses that can infect the skin, the genitals and the mouth and throat. HPV is important because the viruses are linked to the development of some cancers.



CIN refers to pre-cancerous changes in the cervix that have been seen on colposcopy examination. These changes can also be known as dysplasia or SIL, which stands for Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions. We often describe CIN in more simple terms: ‘Cervix; In the skin; New cells’.